A high carbohydrate leguminous fibre diet improves all aspects of diabetic control

Lancet. 1981 Jan 3;1(8210):1-5. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(81)90112-4.

Abstract

In a randomised cross-over study 18 nondependent (NIDDM) and 9 insulin-dependent (IDDM) diabetics were put on to a high carbohydrate diet containing leguminous fibre (HL) for 6 weeks, and also a standard low carbohydrate diet (LC) for 6 weeks. During two identical 24 h metabolic profiles mean preprandial and mean 2 hour postprandial blood glucoses were significantly lower on HL in both groups, as were also several overall measures of diabetic control, including the degree of glycosuria. Total cholesterol was reduced significantly on HL in both groups, and the HDL/LDL cholesterol ratio increased significantly on HL in the NIDDM group. A diet high in complex carbohydrate and leguminous fibre improves all aspects of diabetic control, and continued use of a low carbohydrate diet no longer appears justified.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Cellulose / administration & dosage*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus / diet therapy*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
  • Fabaceae*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Insulin / administration & dosage
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / blood
  • Lipoproteins, LDL / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Random Allocation
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Insulin
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Triglycerides
  • Cellulose