As judged by admissions to a children's hospital, the prevalence of Asian rickets in Glasgow increased from 1960 to 1973 and then decreased gradually. 400 children born of Indian or Pakistani parents (200 in 1974 and 200 in 1979), from two schools, were examined for clinical, biochemical, and radiological evidence of vitamin-D deficiency. In 1974 there were 10 children with florid rickets and 15 with subclinical rickets, whereas in 1979 no child had florid rickets and only 9 had subclinical rickets. Most Asian children now receive vitamin-D supplements. In the short term, general practitioners, physicians, and obstetricians in the United Kingdom must try to ensure vitamin D supplementation not only by children but also by young adults (aged 13-18 years) of Asian origin. A particular target should be pregnant Asian women, to prevent osteomalacia, fetal hypovitaminosis, and congenital rickets. The long-term answer to Asian probably lies in health education and a change towards the Western diet and life-style.