Structure of the gene for CAD, the multifunctional protein that initiates UMP synthesis in Syrian hamster cells

Mol Cell Biol. 1982 Mar;2(3):293-301. doi: 10.1128/mcb.2.3.293.


Two adjacent fragments of genomic DNA spanning the gene for CAD, which encodes the first three enzymes of UMP biosynthesis, were cloned from a mutant Syrian hamster cell line containing multiple copies of this gene. The mutant was selected for resistance to N-(phosphonacetyl)-L-aspartate, a potent and specific inhibitor of aspartate transcarbamylase, the second enzyme in the pathway. The sizes and positions of about 37 intervening sequences within the 25-kilobase CAD gene were mapped by electron microscopy, and the locations of the 5' and 3' ends of the 7.9-kilobase CAD mRNA were established by electron microscopy and by other hybridization methods. The coding sequences are small (100 to 400 bases), as are most of the intervening sequences (50 to 300 bases). However, there are also several large intervening sequences of up to 5,000 bases each. Two small cytoplasmic polyadenylated RNAs are transcribed from a region just beyond the 5' end of the CAD gene, and their abundance reflects the degree of gene amplification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amidohydrolases / genetics*
  • Animals
  • Aspartate Carbamoyltransferase / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Carbamoyl-Phosphate Synthase (Glutamine-Hydrolyzing) / genetics*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • Dihydroorotase / genetics*
  • Kidney
  • Ligases / genetics*
  • Mesocricetus
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Uridine Monophosphate / biosynthesis


  • DNA Transposable Elements
  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Uridine Monophosphate
  • Aspartate Carbamoyltransferase
  • Amidohydrolases
  • Dihydroorotase
  • Ligases
  • Carbamoyl-Phosphate Synthase (Glutamine-Hydrolyzing)