Lipid selectivity of the calcium and magnesium ion dependent adenosinetriphosphatase, studied with fluorescence quenching by a brominated phospholipid

Biochemistry. 1982 Aug 17;21(17):4144-51. doi: 10.1021/bi00260a035.


1,2-Bis(9,10-dibromooleoyl)phosphatidylcholine (BRPC) has been prepared from dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC). It is shown that the gel to liquid-crystalline phase transition for BRPC occurs below ca. 5 degrees C and that the motional properties of bilayers of BRPC and DOPC as detected by spin-labeled fatty acids are similar. The ATPase activities of the (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase from rabbit muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum reconstituted with BRPC and DOPC are similar. The brominated lipid quenches the fluorescence of the ATPase and can be used to determine selectivity of lipid binding to the ATPase. We show that there is little selectivity on the basis of fatty acyl chain length. Binding constants for phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylserines are similar in the absence of calcium, although that for phosphatidylserine decreases in the presence of calcium. Phosphatidylethanolamines binds less strongly than phosphatidylcholines, although the difference is small. The largest difference in binding constants is seen between phosphatidylcholines in the gel and liquid-crystalline phases, with a distribution coefficient of 30 in favor of the liquid-crystalline phase. It is shown that the distribution of the ATPase in mixtures of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and BRPC can be understood in terms of the phase diagram for this mixture of lipids. Activities of the ATPase in the presence of mixtures of lipids can be explained in terms of the relative binding constants obtained from the fluorescence experiments.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ca(2+) Mg(2+)-ATPase
  • Calcium-Transporting ATPases / metabolism*
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Fluorescence*
  • Lipid Bilayers / metabolism*
  • Phosphatidylcholines / metabolism*
  • Pulmonary Surfactants / metabolism
  • Temperature
  • Thermodynamics


  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Pulmonary Surfactants
  • 1,2-bis(9,10-dibromooleoyl)phosphatidylcholine
  • Ca(2+) Mg(2+)-ATPase
  • Calcium-Transporting ATPases