Adenosine triphosphate-dependent uptake of glutamate into protein I-associated synaptic vesicles

J Biol Chem. 1983 Jan 25;258(2):696-9.


Protein I is a neuron-specific, synaptic phosphoprotein highly localized on the surface of synaptic vesicles. We have recently isolated anti-Protein I IgG by affinity chromatography and shown that these antibodies inhibit specifically the phosphorylation of Protein I (Naito, S., and Ueda, T. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 10657-10663). In an effort to characterize Protein I-associated synaptic vesicles with respect to the types of neurotransmitters, we have now developed a procedure, using the affinity-purified anti-Protein I IgG, which allows immunoprecipitation of those synaptic vesicles which contain Protein I. The isolated vesicles are largely free of contamination from other intracellular organelles and plasma membranes. We present evidence that these vesicles isolated from bovine cortex are able to accumulate L-glutamate specifically in an ATP-dependent, temperature-dependent but Na-independent manner. Thus, the structurally similar aminoacid neurotransmitters aspartate and gamma-aminobutyric acid, as well as other neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, acetylcholine, and glycine, failed to show a significant ATP-dependent uptake into these vesicles. Moreover, the ATP-dependent glutamate uptake was not inhibited effectively by glutamine, aspartate, or gamma-aminobutyric acid. The ATP-dependent glutamate uptake requires ATP hydrolysis; thus there was little accumulation of glutamate in the absence of ATP or Mg2+, or when ATP was replaced by an unhydrolyzable beta, gamma-methylene ATP analog. The glutamate uptake appears to be driven at least in part by a membrane potential generated by Mg2+-ATPase, similar to that of the catecholamine and serotonin uptakes into storage granules. These observations suggest that Protein I may be involved in some aspect of the function of glutamate-containing synaptic vesicles in the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Glutamates / metabolism*
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Synapsins
  • Synaptic Vesicles / metabolism*
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors


  • Glutamates
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Synapsins
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Sodium