Psammomatous somatostatinomas of the duodenum

Am J Surg Pathol. 1983 Oct;7(7):653-65. doi: 10.1097/00000478-198310000-00006.


The presence of psammoma bodies in carcinoid tumors of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare occurrence; it has also been reported to be associated with features of somatostatin production by the tumor cells. The morphologic features of three such tumors arising in the duodenum were studied by a combination of histochemical, immunocytochemical, and ultrastructural techniques in an effort to delineate their secretory profile and further subclassify them. All tumors showed a mixed architectural pattern with prominent areas of glandular differentiation. The psammoma bodies were almost exclusively located within the glandular lumina. In each instance, the majority of tumor cells showed histochemical and immunocytochemical features of somatostatin-containing cells, and one tumor studied ultrastructurally showed numerous large- and small-sized intracytoplasmic secretory granules, both of which contained somatostatin. In contrast to other endocrine tumors of the duodenum that frequently have a multihormonal secretory profile, psammomatous duodenal carcinoids are associated with the exclusive presence of somatostatin within tumor cells. While many more of such examples of this uncommon tumor need to be systematically investigated for their immunocytochemical and ultrastructural characteristics, duodenal somatostatinomas need to be included in the differential diagnosis of psammomatous tumors.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma, Islet Cell / ultrastructure*
  • Adult
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / analysis
  • Duodenal Neoplasms / ultrastructure*
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Inclusion Bodies / ultrastructure
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Middle Aged
  • Somatostatin / analysis
  • Somatostatinoma / analysis
  • Somatostatinoma / ultrastructure*


  • Somatostatin