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, 45 (1), 63-73

The Effects of Starvation and Refeeding on Intestinal Cell Proliferation in the Mouse

The Effects of Starvation and Refeeding on Intestinal Cell Proliferation in the Mouse

R A Goodlad et al. Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol Incl Mol Pathol.

Abstract

The effects of starvation and refeeding on intestinal cell proliferation were studied in four sites of the mouse intestine. Control mice were studied at different times of day in order to compensate for any circadian variations in proliferation. A circadian rhythm in crypt cell production rate was observed in all the sites of the small intestine and colon, and this rhythm appeared to be entrained to the food intake. The fractional crypt cell production rate decreased in all sites of the intestine after 24 h starvation, and remained low until 9 h after refeeding, when there was a marked increase in the crypt cell production rate of all the small intestinal sites, especially the proximal sites. There was little change in colonic crypt cell production rate until 12 h after refeeding, when there was a large increase in cell production. The crypt cell production rate of all sites then returned to control values for the remainder of the investigation. Crypt cell number decreased after refeeding and villus cell number increased, however a similar effect was observed in the control animals, nevertheless the changes in villus cell population of the refed mice occurred before any increase in crypt cell production, suggesting that cell migration from crypt to villi is not immediately dependent on cell proliferation.

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