Vasodilator therapy for primary pulmonary hypertension

Mayo Clin Proc. 1984 Oct;59(10):672-7. doi: 10.1016/s0025-6196(12)62055-2.

Abstract

Primary pulmonary hypertension is an uncommon but serious disease that often results in debilitating symptoms and early death. One approach to treatment has been to attempt reduction of pulmonary arterial pressure and right ventricular afterload by using vasodilator agents to decrease pulmonary arteriolar resistance. Use of a variety of vasodilators has yielded only limited and infrequent success. Although an occasional patient may respond to vasodilator therapy with improved pulmonary hemodynamics and symptomatic status, most patients do not. Reasons for lack of success include the presence of predominantly fixed vascular obstructive disease rather than active vasoconstriction, inexorable progression of disease, and adverse nonpulmonary vascular effects of vasodilators, such as systemic hypotension. Because of occasional beneficial responses, a trial of vasodilators is warranted in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. Initiation of drug therapy should be undertaken during hemodynamic monitoring in order to allow assessment of response, identification of adverse effects, and comparison of different agents. No vasodilator is clearly superior in primary pulmonary hypertension.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use
  • Captopril / therapeutic use
  • Epoprostenol / therapeutic use
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary / drug therapy*
  • Ketanserin
  • Piperidines / therapeutic use
  • Serotonin Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Vascular Resistance / drug effects
  • Vasodilator Agents / adverse effects
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use*

Substances

  • Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Piperidines
  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Ketanserin
  • Captopril
  • Epoprostenol