Antagonism by neuroleptics of neurotransmitter receptors of normal human brain in vitro

Eur J Pharmacol. 1984 Aug 17;103(3-4):197-204. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(84)90478-3.


Using radioligand binding techniques, we determined the equilibrium dissociation constants (KD's) for a series of neuroleptics at the dopamine (D-2), muscarinic, histamine H1, alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenergic receptors of normal human brain tissue obtained at autopsy. Seventeen different compounds were studied at the D-2 receptor and 15 compounds at the remaining receptors. At the D-2 receptor of caudate nucleus, spiperone was the most potent compound (KD = 0.16 nM); clozapine the least potent (KD = 180 nM). The KD's for six compounds at the D-2 receptor of nucleus accumbens were not significantly different from their respective KD's in the caudate nucleus. The most potent and least potent compounds at the other receptors were clozapine and molindone at the muscarinic receptor, mesoridazine and molindone at the H1 receptor, spiperone and molindone at the alpha 1-receptor, and clozapine and haloperidol at the alpha 2-receptor, respectively.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antipsychotic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Binding, Competitive / drug effects
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Caudate Nucleus / metabolism
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nucleus Accumbens / metabolism
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / drug effects
  • Receptors, Dopamine / drug effects
  • Receptors, Histamine H1 / drug effects
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / drug effects
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter / drug effects*


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha
  • Receptors, Dopamine
  • Receptors, Histamine H1
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • Receptors, Neurotransmitter