Atrial natriuretic factor selectively activates particulate guanylate cyclase and elevates cyclic GMP in rat tissues

J Biol Chem. 1984 Dec 10;259(23):14332-4.


The effects on guanylate cyclase and cyclic GMP accumulation of a synthetic peptide containing the amino acid sequence and biological activity of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) were studied. ANF activated particulate guanylate cyclase in a concentration- and time- dependent fashion in crude membranes obtained from homogenates of rat kidney. Activation of particulate guanylate cyclase by ANF was also observed in particulate fractions from homogenates of rat aorta, testes, intestine, lung, and liver, but not from heart or brain. Soluble guanylate cyclase obtained from these tissues was not activated by ANF. Trypsin treatment of ANF prevented the activation of guanylate cyclase, while heat treatment had no effect. Accumulation of cyclic GMP in kidney minces and aorta was stimulated by ANF activation of guanylate cyclase. These data suggest a role for particulate guanylate cyclase in the molecular mechanisms underlying the physiological effects of ANF such as vascular relaxation, natriuresis, and diuresis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Cyclic GMP / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Female
  • Guanylate Cyclase / metabolism*
  • Kidney / drug effects
  • Kidney / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Muscle Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Natriuresis
  • Rats
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Trypsin


  • Muscle Proteins
  • atrial natriuretic peptide, rat
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Trypsin
  • Guanylate Cyclase
  • Cyclic GMP