We performed filtration surgery with a unidirectional, pressure-sensitive valve implant in 40 eyes with neovascular glaucoma. The device consisted of an open Supramid tube (outside diameter 0.58 mm, inside diameter 0.38 mm) sealed to a Silastic tube with a slit valve. The Supramid tube was inserted at the corneoscleral limbus 1 to 4 mm into the anterior chamber and the Silastic portion was located under a lamellar scleral flap. Twenty-seven of 40 eyes (68%) had a postoperative IOP less than or equal to 24 mm Hg with a mean follow-up of 13.8 months. Ten of these 27 eyes required postoperative medical therapy to achieve this level of IOP control. The glaucoma valve implant failed to return IOP to normal in 13 of the 40 eyes (32%), 11 of these as a consequence of scarring of the external bleb.