Meibomian gland dysfunction and contact lens intolerance

J Am Optom Assoc. 1980 Mar;51(3):243-51.


A study of a syndrome characterized by deficient or inadequate Meibomian gland secretions, minimal or transient symptoms suggestive of ocular dryness, fluorescein staining of the cornea (often detected only after delayed observation or sequential instillation of stain), and contact lens intolerance is described. Clinical and cytologic studies indicate that the syndrome is due to obstruction of the Meibomian gland orifices by desquamated epithelial cells that tend to aggregate in keratotic clusters, which results in alteration of the Meibomian glands' contribution to the precorneal tear film. Further complication may result from bacterial proliferation in the desquamated keratotic cells and the release of the bacteria and their toxic products into the precorneal tear film from these reservoirs in the excretory pathways of the Meibomian glands.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Contact Lenses*
  • Cornea
  • Eyelid Diseases / complications
  • Eyelid Diseases / microbiology
  • Eyelid Diseases / pathology
  • Eyelid Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meibomian Glands / metabolism
  • Meibomian Glands / microbiology
  • Meibomian Glands / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Staphylococcus / isolation & purification
  • Syndrome
  • Xerophthalmia / etiology