The object of this study was to determine the kinetics of chromosome decondensation during the G1 period of the HeLa cell cycle. HeLa cells synchronized in the G1 period following the reversal of mitotic block were fused with Colcemid-arrested mitotic HeLa cells at 1.5, 3, 5, and 7 h after the reversal of N2O block. The resulting prematurely condensed chromosomes (PCC) were classified into six categories depending on the degree of their condensation. The frequency of occurrence of each category was plotted as a function of time after mitosis. The results of this study indicate that the process of chromosome decondensation, initiated during the telophase of mitosis continues throughout the G1 period without any interruption, thus the chromatin reaches an ultimate state of decondensation by the end of G1 period, when DNA synthesis is initiated.