Antisera to the IgG subclasses, 1, 2a, 2b, and 2c, induced histamine release from mast cells obtained from the peritoneal washings of Lister hooded rats. The maximum responses obtained with anti-IgG1 and anti-IgG2a were as great as that for anti-IgE (more than 60% histamine release). Cells from unresponsive Wistar rats which did not secrete appreciable amounts of histamine in response to any of the antisera, produced on active sensitization with ovalbumin a small but significant response on challenge with anti-IgG1 and anti-IgG2b as well as with anti-IgE. Passive sensitization with rat myeloma serum of mast cells from the unresponsive rats produced a large response on challenge with anti-IgE but no release to the anti-IgG group 2 subclasses. IgE myeloma serum (1:1000) neutralized the histamine-releasing activity on anti-IgE serum (87% inhibition) and the antisera to all subclasses of IgG. When the IgE in the myeloma serum was inactivated by heating, the response to the IgG antisera remained completely inhibited except for anti-IgG2a where some reversal was observed. When purified myeloma IgE (30 microgram/ml) was used in place of whole serum, marked inhibition (86%) of the response to anti-IgE was obtained leaving the responses to the IgE subclasses unaffected (except for IgG2a, which was 65% inhibited).