Eccrine sweat glands are not innervated in hereditary sensory neuropathy type IV. An electron-microscopic study

Acta Neuropathol. 1981;54(3):199-202. doi: 10.1007/BF00687742.


The ultrastructural study of a skin biopsy in a patient afflicted with hereditary sensory neuropathy type IV (congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis) did not reveal any unmyelinated axons or axonal terminals around eccrine sweat glands but only processes, partially covered by a basement membrane and therefore resembling Schwann cell processes. The absence of such unmyelinated axons in close proximity to eccrine sweat glands where they normally occur appears to be the morphological equivalent to the anhidrosis and also corresponds to the deficiency of unmyelinated axons in the sural nerve of the same patient, as previously reported.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Basement Membrane / ultrastructure
  • Biopsy
  • Humans
  • Hypohidrosis / pathology*
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Pain Insensitivity, Congenital / pathology*
  • Skin / pathology
  • Sweat Glands / innervation
  • Sweat Glands / ultrastructure*