Huntington's chorea-- measurements of somatostatin, substance P and cyclic nucleotides in the cerebrospinal fluid

J Neurol. 1981;225(3):183-7. doi: 10.1007/BF00313747.


Somatostatin, substance P, cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP were determined in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Huntington's disease, in first generation relatives of choreic patients and in neurological control patients. Substance P levels were not significantly altered, but somatostatin levels were markedly decreased both in affected patients and symptom-free offspring. Cyclic AMP was decreased only in patients with advanced stages of the disease while cyclic GMP was normal. Evidence is discussed which may support a role of somatostatin deficiency in the pathophysiology of chorea.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Cyclic GMP / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Huntington Disease / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Huntington Disease / genetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Somatostatin / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Substance P / cerebrospinal fluid*


  • Substance P
  • Somatostatin
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic GMP