Language function and dysfunction among Chinese- and English-speaking polyglots: cortical stimulation, Wada testing, and clinical studies

Brain Lang. 1983 Mar;18(2):342-66. doi: 10.1016/0093-934x(83)90024-x.

Abstract

Language functions in a group of Chinese- and English-speaking polyglots living in a multiracial society have been investigated by several methods: the effects of cortical stimulation on object-naming and reading tasks in patients who required awake craniotomy, lateralization of cerebral dominance for speech by the Wada Test, and the pattern of language loss and recovery following stroke. The data indicate that these polyglots were all left hemisphere dominant for the languages tested: no consistent evidence for increased participation by the right hemisphere for language functions was found. The cortical stimulation experiments provided data most compatible with the "differential localization" model of cerebral localization in bilingualism. The variable which most influenced performance in all of these investigations was which language was used primarily for speaking as well as reading and writing at the time of the study.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aphasia / physiopathology
  • Aphasia / psychology*
  • Astrocytoma / complications
  • Brain Mapping
  • Brain Neoplasms / complications
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology*
  • Female
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Humans
  • Language*
  • Male
  • Meningioma / complications
  • Models, Neurological
  • Speech
  • Temporal Lobe