The effect of alpha-fetoprotein on the growth of placental cells in vitro

Placenta. Jan-Apr 1983;4(1):79-86. doi: 10.1016/s0143-4004(83)80019-8.


Cell cultures of early mouse placentae were studied in the presence of mouse amniotic fluid or isolated alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). Four cell types were observed: polygonal cells, giant cells, small round cells and fibroblasts. The number of polygonal cells increased in placental cultures in the presence of amniotic fluid or AFP, suggesting de novo formation and proliferation in vitro. These preparations were found to stimulate the DNA synthesis in polygonal cells, as demonstrated by 3H-thymidine labelling experiments. Polygonal cells also show a significant increase in 3H-leucine incorporation, indicating more active protein synthesis under the effect of amniotic fluid or AFP. These data suggest that AFP may be one of the fetal factors promoting trophoblastic differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amniotic Fluid / physiology
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA / biosynthesis
  • Female
  • Leucine / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred ICR
  • Pregnancy
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Thymidine / metabolism
  • Trophoblasts / cytology*
  • Trophoblasts / metabolism
  • alpha-Fetoproteins / physiology*


  • alpha-Fetoproteins
  • DNA
  • Leucine
  • Thymidine