Characterisation of the alpha 1-protease inhibitor system in Thoroughbred horse plasma by horizontal two-dimensional (ISO-DALT) electrophoresis. 1. Protein staining

Anim Blood Groups Biochem Genet. 1983;14(2):83-105. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2052.1983.tb01065.x.


The isoelectric points and the molecular weights of the major components of the eight Thoroughbred protease inhibitor (Pi) types have been determined by polyacrylamide gel isoelectric focusing and polyacrylamide gel pore gradient (ISO-DALT) electrophoresis respectively. The major Pi proteins focus in the range pH 3.74-4.43 and have molecular weights ranging from 55 000-72 000 daltons. Using the ISO-DALT method of electrophoresis, protein maps for the eight Thoroughbred Pi types have been presented for the first time. None of the homozygous Pi types are identical except for the types S1 and S2 which show partial identity. The results do not necessarily support Juneja et al.'s (1979) contention of two closely linked alpha 1 Pi systems based on molecular weight differences. It is suggested that the traditional nomenclature originally proposed by Braend (1970) be maintained to describe the eight Pi alleles in Thoroughbred horse plasma. The ISO-DALT method provides a sensitive technique which is superior to existing techniques for the analysis of the horse Pi system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Proteins / genetics*
  • Blood Proteins / isolation & purification
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel / instrumentation
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel / methods
  • Horses / blood*
  • Isoelectric Focusing / instrumentation
  • Isoelectric Focusing / methods
  • Molecular Weight
  • Protease Inhibitors / genetics*
  • Staining and Labeling
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin


  • Blood Proteins
  • Protease Inhibitors
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin