Intracellular movement of fodrin

Cell Motil. 1983;3(5-6):649-55. doi: 10.1002/cm.970030529.

Abstract

Fodrin is an actin/calmodulin-binding protein with similarities to spectrin (erythrocytes) and TW 260/240 (brush border). It is concentrated beneath the plasma membranes of neurons and other cells. We have observed translocations of fodrin in both neurons and lymphocytes. Newly synthesized, radiolabeled fodrin moves down axons at a maximum velocity (about 50 mm/day) that is slower than the most rapidly axonally transported proteins (group I). A portion of fodrin appears to move more slowly at velocities (1-10 mm/day) resembling those of actin and myosin (group IV) and tubulin and neurofilament proteins (group V). In lymphocytes, when certain surface antigens are induced by cross-linking agents to migrate to one pole of the cell and form a cap, fodrin redistributes beneath the membrane and forms a subcap. The movements of fodrin in lymphocyte capping and in the axonal transport of group IV polypeptides have certain similarities. In both cases, the redistribution of fodrin is accompanied by concomitant redistributions of actin, myosin, and calmodulin, and both processes proceed at similar velocities. We consider the possibilities that these two processes are related, both being driven by a submembrane force-generating system comprising in part actin, myosin, and fodrin, and that fodrin serves to link various organelles or proteins to this system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axonal Transport
  • Carrier Proteins / analysis
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Microfilament Proteins*
  • Neurons / analysis
  • Spectrin / analysis

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • fodrin
  • Spectrin