A panel of 10 mouse monoclonal antibodies specific for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFA) has been isolated using porcine GFA as antigen. Although all antibodies recognize GFA purified from porcine spinal cord in the western blot technique, they can be subdivided into at least three groups on the basis of their reactivity against defined fragments of the molecule. Immunofluorescence staining patterns with the monoclonal antibodies performed on tissues and cell lines resemble those reported with conventional polyclonal antibodies directed against GFA. In particular astrocytes and Bergmann glia are strongly stained. In addition mouse monoclonal antibodies specific for either the 200 kd, or the 160 kd, or the 68 kd neurofilament triplet protein have been isolated and characterized. These antibodies are specific for neuronal cells and support conclusions made with similar antigen affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies. The combined set of monoclonal antibodies seems a valuable tool to characterize the different cell types of the nervous system.