Sixteen cases of terminal deletions and 17 cases of interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 7 have been reported to date. We present two new cases of the former and three of the latter. The somatic changes in these patients are tabulated and an update on the anomalies associated with the various cytogenetic entities is presented. Changes found in over one-third of patients with 7q terminal deletion syndrome include: developmental delay, pre- and postnatal growth retardation, generalized hypotonia, abnormal electroencephalograms with or without seizures, feeding problems in infancy, microcephaly, prominent forehead, ocular hypertelorism, eye defects, broad nasal bridge, bulbous nasal tip, auricular malformations, micrognathia, chest abnormalities, genital malformations in males, and abnormal palmar and plantar creases. Evidence for the localization of the Kidd blood group gene on chromosome 7 distal to band q32, as suggested by previous reports, is reviewed; we conclude that the evidence does not warrant placement of the gene in this region of the genome.