Hemispheric asymmetry of visual evoked potentials in patients with well-defined occipital lesions

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1984 Apr;57(4):310-9. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(84)90153-6.

Abstract

Visual evoked potentials were examined in 3 patients who had well defined unilateral occipital lobectomy. In an attempt to resolve discrepancies in the interpretation of hemispheric asymmetries in evoked potentials, recordings were obtained from a wide array of electrodes with multiple montages during full-field and hemi-field stimulation with checkerboard pattern reversal and during full-field flash stimulation. The discrepancies appear to be due primarily to differences in electrode montages used in recording. The use of a midfrontal reference electrode reliably produces a paradoxical EP lateralization: abnormal EPs are recorded over the intact occipital lobe and normal EPs are recorded over the ablated occipital lobe. These findings are fully consistent with the interpretation of Barrett et al. (1976) that the generator of the P100 has an equivalent dipole located in the calcarine cortex on the posteromedial surface of the contralateral hemisphere. Our findings support the use of the Queen Square montage (Halliday et al. 1977). The use of electrodes at O1 and O2 referred to the ipsilateral earlobe yields inconsistent lateralization and should be discouraged. The lateralization of EP abnormalities did not differ for flash and pattern reversal, although the asymmetries were sometimes more prominent with pattern reversal.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiopathology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Dominance, Cerebral
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy / surgery
  • Evoked Potentials, Visual*
  • Humans
  • Occipital Lobe / physiopathology*
  • Occipital Lobe / surgery
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual
  • Photic Stimulation