Movement-related slow potentials. I. A contrast between finger and foot movements in right-handed subjects

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1984 Jun;57(6):515-27. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(84)90087-7.

Abstract

Movement-related potentials ( MRPs ) preceding a finger flexion and a plantar flexion of the foot on either side were compared over the frontal, central and parietal areas of both hemispheres. MRP amplitudes were larger preceding foot than preceding finger movements. In the first case their onset was earlier and their presence in the frontal area was more marked. Prior to a finger flexion amplitudes over the hemisphere contralateral to the movement side were larger than those recorded over the ipsilateral hemisphere. On the contrary, prior to a plantar flexion of the foot, amplitudes were larger over the hemisphere ipsilateral to the movement. These findings point to differently localized sources of the MRPs in the two cases. In other experiments larger amplitudes preceding foot movements were found near the midline. It is suggested that the ipsilateral preponderance prior to foot movements is caused by a contralateral source in the depth near the longitudinal fissure. The dipoles are presumably directed obliquely to the median plane. The ipsilateral preponderance is present both prior to and following the plantar flexion. This suggests comparable directions of the dipoles in the motor and somatosensory areas.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Contingent Negative Variation*
  • Dominance, Cerebral*
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Electrophysiology*
  • Female
  • Fingers / physiology*
  • Foot / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male