The major immunogenic viral proteins of Marek's disease virus (MDV) and turkey herpesvirus (HVT) share antigenic determinants. The polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis pattern of five viral polypeptides immunoprecipitated with homologous convalescent chicken plasma was identical with the pattern obtained after immunoprecipitation with heterologous convalescent chicken plasma. A panel of monoclonal antibodies was used to identify MDV and HVT polypeptides. Sixteen monoclonal antibodies were positive in an immunofluorescence assay. However, only eight monoclonal antibodies immunoprecipitated a total of seven distinct viral proteins from MDV- and HVT-infected cells. Six of these monoclonals immunoprecipitated multiple viral proteins. None of the monoclonal antibodies recognized the common A antigen of MDV or HVT. Monoclonal antibodies immunoprecipitated three glycoproteins (100,000, 60,000, and 49,000 Da) that comigrate in polyacrylamide gels with three of the five common polypeptides obtained with the convalescent chicken plasma. In addition, a 79,000-Da protein was common to all MDV- and HVT-infected cells. Competition immunoprecipitation and peptide mapping by limited proteolysis confirmed that the three glycoproteins and the 79,000-Da protein contain MDV-HVT common epitopes. MDV-specific antigenic determinants were detected on the three remaining viral proteins (41,000, 38,000, and 24,000 Da).