Colostrum-deprived newborn calves were experimentally infected with cell-culture rotavirus. A similar process of infection was observed when the animals were inoculated immediately after birth or at the age of three days, with a corresponding delay in the onset of virus excretion and interferon production in the later case. With high doses of virus, interferon was produced very early and no symptoms were observed. With lower doses of virus, interferon production was delayed and preceded by a severe but transient diarrhoea. In all cases, several waves of interferon production were observed. Our data indicate that interferon plays an important role in the control of viral diseases in calves and in their natural recovery.