Transluminal coronary angioplasty complicated by coronary artery perforation

Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn. 1982;8(5):481-7. doi: 10.1002/ccd.1810080507.


Transluminal coronary angioplasty may be associated with complications resulting from the dilatation catheter and inflation of the balloon. The most common complications are dissection, occlusion, and coronary spasm. We report an unusual complication of coronary artery perforation by the dilatation catheter resulting in acute pericardial tamponade. The complication was immediately recognized and confirmed by dye injection and hemodynamic measurements. Pericardiocentesis was performed, followed by successful coronary bypass surgery. The reasons for the perforation are unclear. We postulate that the acute angle of the perforated vessel was an important factor for this complication. The importance of a standby cardiac surgeon and operating room is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon / adverse effects*
  • Cardiac Tamponade / etiology
  • Coronary Disease / therapy*
  • Coronary Vessels / injuries*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Rupture