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. 1983 Sep 25;258(18):11020-4.

Detection by Chemical Cross-Linking of Interaction Between High Mobility Group Protein 1 and Histone Oligomers in Free Solution

  • PMID: 6224795
Free article

Detection by Chemical Cross-Linking of Interaction Between High Mobility Group Protein 1 and Histone Oligomers in Free Solution

J Bernués et al. J Biol Chem. .
Free article

Abstract

Among the more abundant non-histone proteins is the high mobility group (HMG), with an unknown role in chromatin. We have investigated, by chemical cross-linking, the interaction of the protein HMG 1 with the histone dimer H2A X H2B and the histone tetramer (H3 X H4)2 in free solution. Cross-linking with dimethyl suberimidate, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide, and the cleavable cross-linker dimethyl-3,3'-dithiobispropionimidate, by two-dimensional electrophoresis reveals the existence of an interaction between HMG 1 and the histone dimer, and also between HMG 1 and the histone tetramer. In the case of the H2A X H2B dimer, the analysis of the patterns of the cross-linking products shows the presence of a trimer, (H2A X H2B) X HMG 1, and of another oligomer of higher molecular weight which also contains H2A X H2B and HMG 1. Non-histone HMG 1 has been found to interact with (H3 X H4)2, both by cross-linking kinetics and also by gel permeation chromatography, displaying a stoichiometry of one HMG 1/histone tetramer. The results have been interpreted as indicating the existence of an interaction between HMG 1 and both oligomers through two different binding sites.

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