The separation by liquid chromatography (under elevated pressure) of phenyl, benzyl, and O-nitrophenyl glycosides of oligosaccharides. Analysis of substrates and products for four N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-transferases involved in mucin synthesis

Carbohydr Res. 1983 Aug 16;120:3-16. doi: 10.1016/0008-6215(83)88002-1.

Abstract

Liquid chromatography under elevated pressure (h.p.l.c.) has been applied to the separation of the phenyl, benzyl, and O-nitrophenyl glycosides of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactopyranose and of various mucin-type, di-, tri-, and tetra-saccharides. The separations were carried out with a Whatman Partisil PXS 5/25 PAC column and various proportions of acetonitrile and water in the mobile phase. These methods were subsequently used to separate the substrates and products of the following N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase reactions: UDP-GlcNAc + beta-Gal-(1 leads to 3)-GalNAc-R leads to beta-Gal-(1 leads to 3)-[beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 6)]-GalNAc-R + UDP (1); UDP-GlcNAc + beta-Gal-(1 leads to 3)-[beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 6)]-GalNAc-R leads to beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 3)-beta-Gal-(1 leads to 3)-[beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 6)]-GalNAc-R + UDP (2); UDP-GlcNAc + GalNAc-R' leads to beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 3)-GalNAc-R' + UDP (3); and UDP-GlcNAc + beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 3)-GalNAc-R' leads to beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 6)-[beta-GlcNAc-(1 leads to 3)]-GalNAc-R' + UDP (4), where R is = benzyl or o-nitrophenyl, and R' = benzyl or phenyl alpha-D-glycoside. Reaction 1 is catalyzed by a transferase in canine submaxillary glands and porcine gastric mucosa, and reaction 2 by an enzyme in porcine gastric mucosa. Enzyme activities catalyzing reactions 3 and 4 have recently been demonstrated in rat colonic mucosa. Liquid chromatography can be used at the preparative level for the purification and identification of the transferase products, and at the analytical level in the assay of glycosyltransferases.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
  • Gastric Mucosa / enzymology
  • Glucosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Glycosides / chemical synthesis
  • Glycosides / isolation & purification*
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Mucins / biosynthesis*
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases*
  • Oligosaccharides / analysis*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Swine

Substances

  • Glycosides
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Mucins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
  • N-acetyllactosaminide beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase