From 1973 to 1981, 94 patients suffering from low-back pain, with or without spread into the lower extremities, were candidates for therapeutic spinal cord stimulation. The etiology of pain in all cases was lumbosacral spinal fibrosis due to multiple myelographies and surgical interventions on the lumbar spine. The long-term results, based on a four-year follow-up, reveal a 60% subjective improvement of pain, a 40% substantial reduction of medication, and a 26% increase in working capacity. The concept of spinal arachnoiditis is reviewed and the term lumbosacral spinal fibrosis proposed. The treatment of this chronic painful and disabling disease is discussed.