Unidirectional digestion with exonuclease III creates targeted breakpoints for DNA sequencing

Gene. 1984 Jun;28(3):351-9. doi: 10.1016/0378-1119(84)90153-7.


A method is described for the rapid generation and cloning of deletion derivatives well-suited for the sequencing of long stretches of DNA. This method is based on two useful features of exonuclease III: (1) processive digestion at a very uniform rate and (2) failure to initiate digestion at DNA ends with four-base 3'-protrusions. The method was applied to a 4570-bp Drosophila genomic DNA fragment cloned in the single-stranded phage vector M 13mp18. An ordered set of deletion clones was made by first cutting replicative form(RF) DNA with two restriction enzymes in the polylinker region of the vector between the Drosophila DNA and the sequencing primer binding site. One enzyme left a four-base 3'-protrusion that protected the remainder of the vector from exonuclease III attack, allowing unidirectional digestion of the insert sequence from the 5'-protruding end left by the other enzyme. Aliquots were removed at uniform intervals, treated with S1 nuclease, Klenow DNA polymerase, T4 DNA ligase, and then used to transfect competent cells. Most of the resulting clones derived from each aliquot were deleted to a predicted extent with only slight scatter, even for deletions of more than 4 kb. The method permits efficient isolation of clusters of deletion breakpoints within small preselected regions of large DNA segments, allowing nonrandom sequence analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriophage lambda / genetics
  • Base Sequence*
  • DNA / analysis*
  • DNA, Viral / analysis
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases / metabolism*
  • Methods


  • DNA, Viral
  • DNA
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases
  • exodeoxyribonuclease III

Associated data

  • GENBANK/J02527
  • GENBANK/K02461
  • GENBANK/X06286
  • GENBANK/Y00606