Evaluation of the CNS properties of SCH 29851, a potential non-sedating antihistamine

Agents Actions. 1984 Jun;14(5-6):590-7. doi: 10.1007/BF01978891.


SCH 29851 [8-chloro[6,11-dihydro-11-(1-carboethoxy-4-piperidylidene)- 5-H-benzo [5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]-pyridine] was discovered as part of a search for a new antihistamine without effects on the central nervous system (CHS). Antihistaminic potency and duration of action of SCH 29851 and other antihistamines were assessed by inhibition of histamine-induced lethality in guinea pigs and histamine-induced paw edema in mice. Evaluation of possible CNS effects included gross observation of mice, rats, dogs and monkeys, prevention of electroshock-induced convulsions, acetic acid-induced writhing and physostigmine-induced lethality in mice and biochemical measures related to sedative liability such as displacement of in vivo 3H-mepyramine binding in mouse brain and in vitro 3H-WB 4101 binding in guinea pig cortex. Comparisons were made to several antihistamines considered to be sedative to varying degrees, including diphenhydramine, promethazine, chlorpheniramine and azatadine and to the newer antihistamines terfenadine and astemizole which are reported to be non-sedating in man at doses that antagonize the effects of histamine peripherally. SCH 29851 had antihistamine activity in the tests used with a potency at least comparable to most standards and was devoid of activity in all the functional and biochemical models used as indices of CNS activity. It is expected that SCH 29851 should be an effective, long acting, antihistamine in man without sedative effects at therapeutic doses.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Autonomic Nervous System / drug effects
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
  • Binding, Competitive / drug effects
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Dioxanes / metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Histamine / toxicity
  • Histamine Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives*
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • Loratadine
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Physostigmine / toxicity
  • Piperidines / pharmacology*
  • Pyrilamine / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Saimiri
  • Time Factors


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Dioxanes
  • Histamine Antagonists
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Piperidines
  • Loratadine
  • Histamine
  • Physostigmine
  • (2-(2',6'-dimethoxy)phenoxyethylamino)methylbenzo-1,4-dioxane
  • Pyrilamine