Coronary reserve in volume-induced right ventricular hypertrophy from atrial septal defect

Am J Cardiol. 1984 Nov 1;54(8):1059-63. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(84)80144-7.


To assess coronary reserve in patients with right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy secondary to volume overload, the quantitative characteristics of coronary reactive hyperemia were examined in 20 patients with a large atrial septal defect (ASD). The control group consisted of 13 patients who had undergone elective cardiac surgery for abnormalities that did not involve the right ventricle or its blood supply. Coronary blood flow velocity was measured in RV branches of the right coronary artery at cardiac surgery. Echocardiographic measurements of RV diameter in ASD and in control patients (2.3 +/- 0.2 and 1.1 +/- 0.2 cm, respectively, p less than 0.05) documented the presence of substantial RV enlargement in patients with ASD. In patients with ASD and in control subjects, a 20-second coronary occlusion produced maximal coronary dilation. After release of a 20 second coronary occlusion, the peak-to-resting velocity ratio in ASD and in control patients was 3.1 +/- 0.2 and 5.5 +/- 0.1, respectively (p less than 0.05). The 50% decrease in the ratio of peak-to-resting coronary blood flow velocity, a measure of relative coronary reserve, in patients with ASD suggests that coronary reserve is compromised in volume-induced RV hypertrophy. These studies support the concept that in humans, volume-induced RV hypertrophy substantially decreases coronary reserve.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cardiomegaly / etiology
  • Cardiomegaly / physiopathology*
  • Cardiomegaly / surgery
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / complications
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / physiopathology*
  • Heart Septal Defects, Atrial / surgery
  • Humans
  • Hyperemia
  • Intraoperative Period
  • Middle Aged