Nonrandom distribution of methotrexate-induced aberrations on human chromosomes. Detection of further folic acid sensitive fragile sites

Hum Genet. 1984;68(4):290-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00292586.


Eleven folic acid sensitive fragile sites (3p14, 7p13, 7q31.1, 7q32, 9q32, 11p13, 14q23, 15q22, 16q23, Xp22.2, Xq22) were detected in one individual, eight of them previously unknown. These sites seem to bear each its specific sensitivity to folic acid deficiency. Six of the sites were observed simultaneously on both homologous chromosomes in at least one cell. Each of these 11 sites was also found in at least one among 12 individuals further examined. Some of these individuals showed six of these 11 sites. The fragile site 3p14 was detected in all individuals examined. The homologous sites 3p14 of one individual differed from each other in their frequency of lesions induced by methotrexate as well as fluorodeoxyuridine. This observation suggests that folic acid sensitivity is a property inherent in the chromatin of an individual chromosome at the site involved in fragility. This property seems to be responsible for the nonrandom fragility at that site and also for the individual sensitivity of each chromosomal site.

MeSH terms

  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromosome Aberrations / drug effects*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Fragile Sites
  • Chromosome Fragility*
  • Floxuridine / pharmacology
  • Folic Acid Deficiency / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Lymphocytes / ultrastructure
  • Methotrexate / pharmacology*


  • Floxuridine
  • Methotrexate