Studies on the Wolfgram high molecular weight CNS myelin proteins: relationship to 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase

J Neurochem. 1980 Nov;35(5):1200-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1980.tb07876.x.


Evidence is presented that the major protein components of the high molecular weight CNS myelin proteins designated as the Wolfgram protein doublet (W1 and W2) contain the enzyme 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (EC, CNP). CNP is a basic hydrophobic protein containing about 830 to 840 amino acid residues. When electrophoresed on SDS polyacrylamide gels, CNP appears as a protein doublet, separated by a molecular weight difference of about 2500-3000 in bovine, human, rat, guinea pig, and rabbit. A similar protein doublet has been identified as the Wolfgram proteins W2 and W1 in myelin and in the chloroform-methanol-insoluble pellet obtained from myelin. Moreover, the relative Coomassie blue staining intensity of the CNP2 plus CNP1 protein doublet among the species examined was remarkably similar to that observed for electrophoresed myelin and chloroform-methanol-insoluble pellet derived from myelin. Antisera raised against purified bovine CNP recognized the W1 and W2 proteins isolated from bovine and human brain. The amino acid composition of pure bovine CNP is presented and compared with the compositions of several rat and bovine Wolfgram proteins obtained by other investigators. Our electrophoretic, compositional, and immunological data support the contention that the enzyme CNP is a major component of the Wolfgram protein doublet.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases / analysis*
  • 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases / isolation & purification
  • Adult
  • Amino Acids
  • Animals
  • Brain Chemistry*
  • Cattle
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Humans
  • Immunodiffusion
  • Molecular Weight
  • Myelin Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / analysis*
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Species Specificity


  • Amino Acids
  • Myelin Proteins
  • 2',3'-Cyclic-Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases