Accuracy of poly[d(A-T)] synthesis catalyzed by chromatin-bound deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) polymerase beta was measured with several types. A new procedure was developed for the isolation of copied poly[d(A-T)] from chromatin DNA. This method involved in vitro copying of poly[d(A-T)] by native chromatin and subsequent selective fragmentation of chromatin by restriction nucleases, proteinase K, and heat denaturation. The fragmented natural DNA is then separated from the high molecular weight poly[d(A-T)] by gel filtration. The efficacy of DNA removal by this procedure was validated by cesium chloride gradient and nearest-neighbor analysis of the product of the reaction and by measurement of the fidelity of poly[d(A-T)] synthesis by Escherichia coli DNA Pol I contaminated with increasing amounts of DNA. Also, DNA polymerases dissociated from chromatin retain the same accuracy as that of native chromatin. Synthesis of poly[d(A-T)] by chromatin is catalyzed mainly by DNA polymerase-beta. By use of the described technique, we find that the fidelity of this reaction is exceptionally low; approximately one dGTP was incorporated for every thousand complementary nucleotides polymerized.