A lysosomal storage disorder in mice characterized by a dual deficiency of sphingomyelinase and glucocerebrosidase

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1980 Sep 8;619(3):669-79. doi: 10.1016/0005-2760(80)90116-2.

Abstract

Lipid and lysosomal enzyme levels in the tissues of a strain of mice afflicted with an autosomal rescessive neuroviscereal storage disorder were examined. Sphingomyelinase and glucocerebrosidase activities were consistently diminished in a wide variety of tissues obtained from the affected mice. The activities of these enzymes were clearly attenuated in new-born mice, which at this age, were otherwise indistinguishable from littermates and age-matched controls. The deficiency of sphingomyelinase was more pronounced than glucocerebrosidase. There was progressive accumulation of sphingomyelin, glucocerebroside, lactosylceramide and unesterified cholesterol in the tissues of these mice in the postnatal period. Gangliosides GM2 and GM3 accumulated in the brain of the animals, and GM3 and asialo-GM2 were stored in the liver. Furthermore, there was a large increase in the quantity of hepatic bis(monoacylglycero)phosphate. The accumulation of lipids was parallelled by a progressive elevation in the activity of several lysosomal hydrolases in various tissues. Heterozygous mice were biochemically indistinguishable from normal controls. The phenotypic manifestations in these metabolically mutated animals are compared with those in Niemann-Pick disease and Gaucher's disease in humans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Chemistry
  • Gangliosides / metabolism
  • Glucosidases / deficiency*
  • Glucosylceramidase / deficiency*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors / veterinary*
  • Liver / analysis
  • Lysosomes / enzymology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C / metabolism*
  • Mutation
  • Phospholipids / metabolism
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases / deficiency*
  • Rodent Diseases / metabolism
  • Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase / deficiency*

Substances

  • Gangliosides
  • Phospholipids
  • Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases
  • Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase
  • Glucosidases
  • Glucosylceramidase