We analyzed the viral mRNA's present in fibroblast nonproducer clones transformed by avian erythroblastosis virus. Two size classes of mRNA (28 to 30S and 22 to 24S) were identified by solution hybridization with both complementary DNA strong stop and complementary DNA made against the unique sequences of avian erythroblastosis virus. Based upon the kinetics of hybridization with complementary DNA made against the unique sequences of avian erythroblastosis virus, we estimated that there were 400 to 500 copies of the 28 to 30S RNA per cell and 200 to 250 copies of the 22 to 24S RNA per cell. Both RNA species were packaged in the virion. In vitro translation of the 28 to 30S virion RNA yielded a 75,000-dalton protein which was the 75,000-dalton gag-related polyprotein found in avian erythroblastosis virus-transformed cells. In vitro translation of the 22 to 24S virion RNA yielded two proteins (46,000 and 48,000 daltons). This indicates that there may be two genes in avian erythroblastosis virus, one coding for the 75,000-dalton gag-related polyprotein and the second coding for the 46,000- or 48,000-dalton protein or both.