Pharmacokinetics of mecillinam in health subjects

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Dec;18(6):952-6. doi: 10.1128/AAC.18.6.952.


Mecillinam is an amidino penicillinate derivative with a broad spectrum of activity against many gram-negative bacilli. Moreover, marked in vitro synergy against these organisms occurs when mecillinam is combined with other beta-lactam antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetic disposition of this antibiotic. A single dose of 10 mg/kg was administered to 12 healthy volunteers as a 15-min intravenous infusion. Multiple plasma and urine samples were collected at frequent intervals for 8 and 24 h, respectively. Plasma samples were assayed for mecillinam by using a specific high-pressure liquid chromatographic assay developed in our laboratory. Peak plasma levels ranged from 34 to 80 micrograms/ml, and after 4 h, plasma levels were 0.7 to 1.9 microgram/ml. The mean terminal plasma half-life was 51.1 +/- 8.6 min. The mean steady-state volume of distribution was calculated to be 0.23 +/- 0.04 liter/kg. The mean plasma and renal clearances were 3.5 +/- 0.4 and 2.5 +/- 0.4 ml/min per kg, respectively. The mean percentage of the dose excreted unchanged in the urine at 4 h was 67 +/- 5%; 71 +/- 6% was recovered in 24 h. Urine concentrations at 4 h were far above the minimum inhibitory concentration for susceptible gram-negative organisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amdinocillin / metabolism*
  • Amdinocillin / urine
  • Female
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Penicillanic Acid / metabolism*


  • Penicillanic Acid
  • Amdinocillin