Effects of chemical transmitters on function of isolated canine parietal cells

Fed Proc. 1981 Aug;40(10):2519-23.

Abstract

In view of the complexity of the regulation of gastric acid secretion, isolated parietal cells offer the appealing prospect of studying the receptors and mechanisms activating this cell after it has been removed from the confusing milieu of the intact mucosa. Histamine and cholinergic agents stimulate the function of canine parietal cells by interacting with typical H2 and muscarinic receptors. Gastrin produces only a small stimulation, interacting with a third, presumably specific, receptor. Combinations of histamine and carbachol and of histamine and gastrin produce potentiating interactions. When isolated parietal cells are treated with these combinations of agents, cimetidine and atropine display and apparent lack of specificity, reminiscent of that found in vivo, and probably resulting from interference with the histamine and cholinergic components of these potentiating interactions. The action of histamine, but not of carbachol or gastrin, is linked to stimulation of cyclic AMP production by parietal cells. Two potential inhibitors of acid secretion, secretin and prostaglandin E2, also stimulate cyclic AMP production, but these later effects appeared to occur largely in nonparietal cells. PGE2 however specifically inhibits histamine-stimulated parietal cell function, apparently by blocking activation of adenylate cyclase. Cholinergic action on the other hand is closely linked to enhanced influx of extracellular calcium.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholine / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Atropine / pharmacology
  • Calcium / physiology
  • Carbachol / pharmacology
  • Cimetidine / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP / physiology
  • Dogs
  • Gastric Mucosa / cytology
  • Gastric Mucosa / metabolism
  • Gastric Mucosa / physiology*
  • Gastrins / physiology*
  • Histamine / physiology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System / physiology
  • Prostaglandins E / pharmacology
  • Secretin / pharmacology

Substances

  • Gastrins
  • Prostaglandins E
  • Secretin
  • Atropine
  • Cimetidine
  • Histamine
  • Carbachol
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Acetylcholine
  • Calcium