We report the nucleotide sequence of 3.2 kilobase pair region of the Escherichia coli polA gene, comprising the coding region for DNA polymerase I with about 400 base pairs of flanking sequence. The amino acid sequence for DNA polymerase I derived from our DNA sequence is largely consistent with previous protein chemical data. In the following paper, Brown et al. (Brown, W. E., Stump, K. H., and Kelley, W. S. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 1965-1972) present additional protein chemistry experiments that further confirm our sequence. Mild proteolysis of DNA polymerase I is known to produce two enzymatically active fragments (Brutlag, D., Atkinson, M. R., Setlow, P., and Kornberg, A. (1969) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 37, 982-989; Klenow, H., and Henningsen, I. (1970) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 74, 5632-5636). We have located the site of this cleavage between residues 323 and 324 of the 928 amino acid polymerase molecule. By sequence comparison of the polA1 and wild type alleles, we have identified the polA1 mutation as a change from Trp (TGG) to amber (TAG) at residue 342.