Adenovirus bronchiolitis in Manitoba: epidemiologic, clinical, and radiologic features

Chest. 1982 May;81(5):605-9. doi: 10.1378/chest.81.5.605.


We reviewed our experience with 41 children hospitalized from 1974 to 1978 for adenovirus (ADV) bronchiolitis. Thirty-two patients (78 percent) were native Indians between four and 12 months old. In 18 of the 41 patients (43.9 percent) acute complications developed. The five fatal cases (12.2 percent) were confined to native children. The initial chest roentgenograms showed lobar consolidation in 35 patients (85.4 percent). Atelectasis developed in five (12.2 percent) during hospitalization. Sixteen of 25 patients (64 percent) with adequate radiologic follow-up examination had subsequent pneumonias or showed residual chronic changes. The reasons for the predilection of ADV bronchiolitis in native Indian children and the precise effect on subsequent airway function in survivors are unknown and require further study. We emphasize the importance of ADV as a cause of bronchiolitis in native Indian children. Furthermore, this report focuses attention on the contribution of this disease to the spectrum of chronic pulmonary disorders in the pediatric group.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae Infections / epidemiology*
  • Adenovirus Infections, Human / complications
  • Adenovirus Infections, Human / diagnostic imaging
  • Adenovirus Infections, Human / epidemiology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bronchiolitis, Viral / complications
  • Bronchiolitis, Viral / diagnostic imaging
  • Bronchiolitis, Viral / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American
  • Male
  • Manitoba
  • Radiography
  • Retrospective Studies