Blink reflexes elicited by electrical, acoustic and visual stimuli. I. Normal values and possible anatomical pathways

Eur Neurol. 1982;21(3):210-6. doi: 10.1159/000115483.


Blink reflexes elicited by electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerves, by monoaurally presented 1 kHz sine wave bursts of 20-ms duration, and by flashes of light presented monocularly were investigated in 32 healthy controls. Absolute latencies of the individual components and side differences were measured. An outline of possible anatomical pathways which might be involved in the transmission of these reflexes is given.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Adult
  • Blinking*
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Cochlear Nerve / physiology
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Oculomotor Nerve / physiology
  • Orbit / innervation
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Synaptic Transmission
  • Visual Cortex / physiology