The effects of the oral administration of fish oil concentrate on the release and the metabolism of [14C]arachidonic acid and [14C]eicosapentaenoic acid by human platelets

Thromb Res. 1982 Nov 1;28(3):285-98. doi: 10.1016/0049-3848(82)90112-8.

Abstract

It has been suggested by several investigators that eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5 omega 3, EPA) might have anti-thrombotic effects. In this experiment, the effect of the oral administration of EPA rich fish oil concentrate on platelet aggregation and the release and the metabolism of [1-14C]arachidonic acid and [(U)-14C]eicosapentaenoic acid by human platelets was studied. Eight healthy male subjects ingested 18 capsules of fish oil concentrate (EPA 1.4 g) per day for 4 weeks. Plasma and platelet concentrations of EPA markedly increased, while those of arachidonic acid (C20:4 omega 6, AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (C22:6 omega 3, DHA) did not change. Platelet aggregation induced by collagen and ADP was reduced. Collagen induced [14C]thromboxane B2 (TXB2) formation from [14C]AA prelabeled platelets decreased. There was no detectable formation of [14C]TXB3 from [14C]EPA prelabeled platelets, and the conversion of exogenous [14C]EPA to [14C]TXB3 was lower than that of [14C]AA to [14C]TXB2. The release of [14C]AA from [14C]AA prelabeled platelets by collagen was significantly decreased. These observations raise the possibility that the release of arachidonic acid from platelet lipids might be affected by the alteration of EPA content in platelets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Diphosphate / pharmacology
  • Adult
  • Arachidonic Acids / blood*
  • Blood Platelets / metabolism*
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Collagen / pharmacology
  • Eicosanoic Acids / blood*
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / blood*
  • Fish Oils / administration & dosage*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Thromboxanes / blood

Substances

  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Carbon Radioisotopes
  • Eicosanoic Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
  • Fish Oils
  • Lipids
  • Thromboxanes
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Collagen
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid