Ocular histopathologic studies of neonatal and childhood adrenoleukodystrophy

Am J Ophthalmol. 1983 Jan;95(1):82-96. doi: 10.1016/0002-9394(83)90336-7.


Histopathologic studies of the eyes of one patient (a boy who died at 14 years of age) with childhood adrenoleukodystrophy and two patients (girls who died at 24 and 31 months of age) with neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy showed the accumulation of the characteristic bileaflet inclusions in optic nerve macrophages, retinal neurons, and macrophages and loss of ganglion cell and nerve fiber layer. Additionally, in the two cases of neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, changes resembling early retinitis pigmentosa were found, with accumulation of characteristic inclusions in the retinal pigment epithelium and pigment-laden macrophages. One of the patients with neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy also had an anterior subcapsular cataract and cystoid macular edema.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenoleukodystrophy / pathology*
  • Atrophy
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis of Schilder / pathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inclusion Bodies / ultrastructure
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases / pathology*
  • Macrophages / ultrastructure
  • Male
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Nerve Fibers, Myelinated / ultrastructure
  • Optic Nerve / pathology*
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye / ultrastructure
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / ultrastructure
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / pathology