Comparison of human and rat liver microsomes by spin label and biochemical analyses

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Jan 7;750(1):194-9. doi: 10.1016/0005-2760(83)90220-5.

Abstract

Detailed lipid analyses of human and rat liver microsomes revealed interesting differences. It was found that human liver microsomes contain twice as much lipid as those from the rat. This increased lipid content is not associated with an increase in content of a particular lipid class; human liver microsomes contain higher amounts of each of the lipid classes. Human and rat liver microsomes differ especially in the essential fatty acid composition of total lipids and phospholipids: human liver microsomes contain more linoleic acid and less arachidonic acid than those of the rat. Such a pattern of distribution of fatty acids is similar to that previously reported for human liver mitochondria and has not been reported for other species. Although the previously reported for human liver mitochondria and has not been reported for other species. Although the unsaturation of lipids is lower in human than in rat liver microsomes, spin label studies revealed a higher fluidity in human membranes. It is suggested that this might arise from a lesser immobilization of lipids by proteins in human liver subcellular membranes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Fractionation
  • Cholesterol / analysis
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / analysis
  • Glucose-6-Phosphatase / analysis
  • Glucuronidase / analysis
  • Glutamate Dehydrogenase / analysis
  • Glycerides / analysis
  • Humans
  • Lipids / analysis*
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Microsomes, Liver / ultrastructure*
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Rats
  • Species Specificity
  • Subcellular Fractions / ultrastructure
  • Triglycerides / analysis

Substances

  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Glycerides
  • Lipids
  • Phospholipids
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Glutamate Dehydrogenase
  • Glucose-6-Phosphatase
  • Glucuronidase