Effect of dietary fiber, glucomannan, on absorption of sulfonylurea in man

Horm Metab Res. 1983 Jan;15(1):1-3. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1018613.


In order to clarify whether a dietary fiber has any effect upon the intestinal absorption of sulfonylurea, changes in plasma concentration of glibenclamide were determined during a six-hour period in nine healthy volunteers who took 2.5 mg of glibenclamide together with a breakfast and 3.9 g of glucomannan in a form of konjac powder and were compared with those of the control experiment in which the same amount of the hypoglycemic agent was given without the dietary fiber. In the control, mean plasma glibenclamide level increased rapidly, reaching a peak at 60 min and decreased gradually thereafter, whereas an increase in plasma glibenclamide level was blunted in the test experiment, thus plasma concentration of glibenclamide being lower at 30, 60, 90 and 150 min compared with the corresponding value of the control (31.7 +/- 24.5 ng/ml vs 76.4 +/- 25.0 ng/ml at 30 min; 51.3 +/- 35.5 ng/ml vs 120.9 +/- 56.0 ng/ml at 60 min; 60.0 +/- 38.8 ng/ml vs 117.4 +/- 53.1 ng/ml at 90 min; 54.0 +/- 31.5 ng/ml vs 100.7 +/- 46.5 ng/ml at 150 min). Mean plasma glucose concentration was significantly lower at 30 min in the test experiment than in the control despite the lower level of plasma glibenclamide in the former. The results suggest that glucomannan may influence the intestinal absorption of glibenclamide. A dietary fiber must be prescribed in due consideration of these facts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Diabetes Mellitus / drug therapy
  • Dietary Fiber / pharmacology*
  • Glyburide / blood*
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Absorption*
  • Male
  • Mannans*
  • Middle Aged
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Mannans
  • Polysaccharides
  • (1-6)-alpha-glucomannan
  • Glyburide