Figurski et al. (1982) have reported that certain loci on the broad host range plasmid RK2 (kil functions) can be cloned only in the presence of other trans-acting segments of the plasmid genome (kor functions). They have suggested that the presence of these functions may in part account for the structure of mini RK2 replicons which were constructed in order to define the regions of the plasmid which encode replication/maintenance functions (Thomas et al. 1980). We have therefore investigated the relationship between these two sets of kil and kor loci and the loci implicated in the replication/maintenance of RK2. We find that, whilst the three kil loci reported by Figurski et al. (1982) are absent from these derivatives, a fourth such locus (kilD) is closely linked to trfA, a gene essential for RK2 replication. The kilD locus was probably responsible for the inclusion in mini replicons of a segment of RK2 DNA which carries both korD and korA in addition to trfB, a gene defined by a temperature-sensitive maintenance defect, but which can be deleted leaving a functional RK2 replicon (Thomas 1981 b). The kilB locus is situated on the opposite side of kilD from trfA, all three loci lying within a 3.6 kb segment of RK2 DNA. The korA, korD and trfB functions all map within a 900 bp segment of DNA, while korB requires sequence information at least 1.5 kb from this segment.