Increased insulin binding to adipocytes and monocytes and increased insulin sensitivity of glucose transport and metabolism in adipocytes from non-insulin-dependent diabetics after a low-fat/high-starch/high-fiber diet

Metabolism. 1983 Nov;32(11):1067-75. doi: 10.1016/0026-0495(83)90079-3.


Nine non-insulin-dependent diabetics were studied before and after 3 weeks on an isoenergetic high-fiber/high-starch/low-fat diet (alternative diet), and nine non-insulin-dependent diabetics were studied on their usual diet. In the group that ate the alternative diet, the intake of fiber and starch increased 120% and 53%, whereas fat intake decreased 31%. Diabetes control improved as demonstrated by decreased fasting plasma glucose (P less than 0.05) and 24-hour urinary glucose excretion (P less than 0.05). The in vivo insulin action increased (KIVITT increased, P less than 0.05) with no change in fasting serum insulin levels. In fat cells obtained from patients in the alternative-diet group, insulin receptor binding increased (P less than 0.05) after the change of diet. Insulin binding to purified monocytes (more than 95% monocytes) also increased (P less than 0.05), whereas no change was found in insulin binding to erythrocytes. When lipogenesis was studied at a tracer glucose concentration at which glucose transport seems to be rate limiting, insulin sensitivity increased (P less than 0.02). This is the predicted consequence of increased receptor binding. Moreover, when CO2 production and lipogenesis were studied at a higher glucose concentration, where steps beyond transport seem to be rate limiting for glucose metabolism, increased insulin sensitivity was also observed. In contrast, no change was found in maximal insulin responsiveness. Fat and blood cells from the patients who continued on their usual diet showed no changes of the mentioned quantities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism*
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / pharmacology
  • Dietary Fats / pharmacology
  • Dietary Fiber / pharmacology
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism
  • Female
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / pharmacology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monocytes / metabolism*
  • Receptor, Insulin / metabolism*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Insulin
  • Receptor, Insulin
  • Glucose