Functional recovery of cortical neurons as related to degree and duration of ischemia

Ann Neurol. 1983 Sep;14(3):294-301. doi: 10.1002/ana.410140307.


Simultaneous recordings of spontaneous single cell activity and local cerebral blood flow were obtained from 72 cortical neurons and adjacent brain in 54 cats before, during, and after ischemia induced by reversible occlusion of the middle cerebral artery. In most cells spontaneous electrical activity ceased at flow values of about 0.18 ml/gm/min (range, 0.06 to 0.22 ml/gm/min). No signal was obtained from 28 neurons during reperfusion following ischemia of varying degree and duration. Overall, neurons exposed to a residual flow of 0.14 ml/gm/min or less for more than 45 minutes had a poorer prognosis compared to any other combination of degree and duration of ischemia. A discriminant curve was estimated to define the border line between recovering and nonrecovering cells. Regions showing irreversible neuronal failure contained selective neuronal necrosis or areas of infarction by histological examination. Reperfusion restored neuronal function in 44 cells. In this group of neurons, there was a joint interaction of duration of ischemia, ischemic residual flow, and recovery time: cells exposed to moderate ischemia (0.09 to 0.22 ml/gm/min) for up to 20 minutes recovered rapidly; most neurons subjected either to extreme ischemia (less than 0.09 ml/gm/min) of short duration (less than 20 minutes) or to moderate ischemia (0.09 to 0.22 ml/gm/min) for longer periods (20 to 141 minutes) required from 19 to 50 minutes for recovery. A few resistant neurons tolerated less than 0.09 ml/gm/min for more than 20 minutes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cats
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiopathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Female
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / pathology
  • Ischemic Attack, Transient / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Neurons / physiology
  • Neurons / ultrastructure
  • Synaptic Transmission*